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BAKAR (Copper, serum)

• Uvod • Uzroci povišenih vrijednosti • Uzroci sniženih vrijednosti • Literatura

Uvod
Bakar je katalist pri formiranju hemoglobina i na taj način pomaže stvaranju crvne krvne slike, kolagena i mijelina nerava.

Normalan nalaz: 70-140 μg/dl (11-22 μmo/L) [CF: 0.1574, SMI: 0.2 μmol/L]

Uzroci povišenih vrijednosti:
1.         Aplastična anemija (aplastic anemia)
2.         Bilijarna ciroza (biliary cirrhosis)
3.         Sistemski lupus eritematodes (SLE)
4.         Hemohromatoza (hemochromatosis)
5.         Hipertiroidizam (hyperthyroidism)
6.         Hipotiroidizam (hypothyroidism)
7.         Infekcija (infection)
8.         Sideropenična anemija (iron deficiency anemia)
9.         Leukemija (leukaemia)
10.        Limfom (lymphoma)
11.        Oralni kontraceptivi (oral contraceptives)
12.        Perniciozna anemija (pernicious anemia)
13.        Reumatoid arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis)
Uzroci sniženih vrijednosti:
1.         Wilsonova bolest (Wilson's disease)
2.         Menkeov sindrom (Menke’s syndrome)
3.         Malapsorpcija (malabsorption)
4.         Malnutricija (malnutrition)
5.         Nefroza (nephrosis)
6.         Totalna parenteralna ishrana (TPN)
7.         Akutna leukemija u remisiji (acute leukemia in remission)
Literatura:
Barbara A. Bullock, Reet L. Henze, Focus on Pathophysiology
Ravel R.: Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Mosby
Samir P. Desai, MD: Clinical's guide to Laboratory Medicine
Drew Provan: Clinical and Laboratory Investigation (Oxford Handbook)
Topić Elizabeta, Primorac Dragan, Janković Stipan: Medicinskobiokemijska dijagnostika u praksi
 
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Home Laboratorij BAKAR (Copper, serum)